Tartan Tuesdays - Clan Morrison
The tartan pictured is our 13oz, Pure New Wool, Single Width, Morrison Red (Modern) Tartan.
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The Story of Clan Morrison
The two branches in the Hebrides, Morrison of Lewis and Morrison of Harris, trace their lineage to Norseman Olaf the Black who married a Kintyre noblewoman named Lauon, in 1214. Shortly after the birth of their first son, GilleMhuire (Gaelic for âthe servant of Maryâ), Olafâs ship, carrying his wife, child and crew, was shipwrecked in stormy seas, off the northern point of Lewis. Clinging to a piece of driftwood, they floated to shore and established a settlement among the inhabitants there.
When the church discovered that Lauon was a first cousin of Olafâs first wife, Bishop Reginald of the Islands declared their marriage incestuous which rendered GilleMhuire illegitimate. However, upon reaching adulthood, he married the last heiress of Clan Gow (Clann Igaa), thereby becoming the owner of her lands, including Pabbay Castle near Harris, and leader of her people which were incorporated into his family as the Clan MacGhilleMhuire, later Anglicized to âMorrisonâ.
Olaf the Black became King of Mann and the Isles, in 1226, and the Morrisons built a fortress called DÃ¹n Ãistean on the northern point of Lewis. The chiefs of this branch held the Celtic office of Brieve (judge) on the islands for generations until 1616 when this branch is lost to history.
Olaf later married again, this time to a daughter of
Farquhar, Earl of Ross named Christiana. Their son, Leod, was the
progenitor of the much larger and more powerful Clan MacLeod.
Recognizing the kinship between their clans, the Morrisons of Harris
became the hereditary armourers for the MacLeods who, in return,
provided protection to the smaller group.
16th century and Clan Conflicts
The Morrisons tried to live at peace with their more aggressive neighbours. The MacAulays of Lewis, who were centred in Uig, killed Donald Ban, the brother of John Morrison the Brehon, at Habost. When the Morrisons retaliated by raiding Uig, the MacAulays appealed to their allies, the Clan MacLeod of Lewis. The Morrisons were soundly defeated at the Caws of Tarbert, whereupon a strong force of MacAulays and MacLeods invaded the Morrison lands. The chief was captured and imprisoned at Rodil. He managed to escape, but the MacLeods used their influence with the king to have him declared an outlaw. As every manâs hand was now turned against him, Morrison resorted to desperate measures and kidnapped one of the Macleod heiresses. He agreed to surrender her in exchange for a royal pardon.
The girl was apparently released, none the
worse for her ordeal. The feud was carried on by the next chief
Uisdean, or Hucheon, who invaded north Harris. Once again, the Clan
MacLeod of Lewis intervened, and Iain Mor MacLeod engaged the
Morrisons at Clachan on Taransay. It is said that Hucheon was the
only Morrison to survive the battle, swimming over two miles to the
mainland despite serious wounds
In the 17th century, Ay Mac Hormaid of Clan Morrison married the daughter of the Bishop of Caithness, of the powerful Clan MacKay family, her dowry being the whole of Durness across the sea on the northwestern mainland. About 60 Morrison families followed them in relocating there. Although this remote area is still known today as MacKay country, there are a relatively equal number of Morrison families still residing in Durness.
The Morrisons of Aberdeenshire derive their name from the âSon of Mauriceâ, believed to be a Norman lord given title to lands there by the Norman rulers of England to help control the border country and thus are not a highland clan but rather a lowland family.
Gaelic Name: MacGhilleMhoire which means, âson of the servant of the virgin maryâ.
Motto and Clan Crest
The Morrison clan motto is 'Teaghlach Phabbay', which
means, âThe Pabbay familyâ. The
Chief's Arms include the
motto above the crest and a slogan (DUN EISTEIN) in a compartment
below the shield. This was done to encompass both the Harris and
Lewis branches of the family.
The current chief, Dr. Iain Morrison traces his
lineage back to the Pabbay of the Harris branch and uses the Motto
Teaglach Phabbay (âFamily
of Pabbayâ). A similar crest exists with the slogan Dun
Uisdean (âHughâs Castleâ or âDun
Eisteinâ) to represent the Lewis branch.
DÃ¹n Ãistean fortress was the seat of the chief of the Clan Morrison on the Isle of Lewis.
Bognie Castle is also
said to have been built by the Clan Morrison.
(Scottish Tartans World Register: WR998). In 1968 official Clan Morrison tartan was recorded by Lord Lyon, from a piece of paper allegedly found in an old Morrison family bible. The paper which referenced the tartan was dated 1747, was found in 1935 after the demolition of a Black house on Lewis.
(Scottish Tartans World Register: WR933). This tartan, very similar to the one recored by Lord Lyon in 1968, is obviously based on the pattern found in the Morrison bible. The source of this tartan is âMacKinlayâ.
(Scottish Tartans World Register: WR1083). The links between the Morrisons and MacKays is evident in the similarity between this tartan and the MacKaysâ. The source of this tartan is âAdam No 92â.
Owing to the long history, the inconsistency in anglicizing Gaelic names, and the changes in the English language over the centuries, many surnames of today can trace their ancestry back to the Morrisons. These are known as âseptsâ of the clan. Not all families with these âseptâ names are necessarily Morrisons, however, as many chose (or were given) names that sounded like pre-existing English names.
The primary septs, most often recognized as being Morrison, are Gilmore, Brieve and MacBrieve. Other families that could be Morrisons include Breive, Gillamor, Gillemoire, Gillemor, Gillemore, Gillemur, Gillemure, Gilmer, Gilmoir, Gilmor, Gilmour, Gilmoure, Gilmur, Gilmure, Gylmor, MacBreive, MacGilmor, MacIllimhier, Morison, Morrieson, Morrison, Murieson, Murison and Murrison.